Law is a set of rules that are enforceable by social institutions. These include the police and the courts.
Law has many important functions, including shaping society. It regulates and protects rights and property. It also deals with crime and other issues related to human rights. The practice of law is normally overseen by the government.
Legal systems can fall into three categories: civil law, common law and constitutional law. Civil law legal systems are usually shorter and require less judicial decisions. Common law legal systems include a doctrine of precedent. This means that decisions made by higher courts bind future decisions by lower courts.
Laws can be based on statutes, regulations or case law. Each category of legal system has its own unique disputes that are resolved by a court.
In some cases, a law may be based on a governmental document such as a constitution. Constitutions can be influenced by both the executive and legislative branches.
Some legal systems are specifically based on religious precepts. Jewish Halakha and Islamic Sharia are two examples. There are also other types of religious laws that are based on traditional customs.
Some of the most common legal issues are related to money and housing. Other issues include immigration, healthcare and voting.
Law can be an issue for anyone, whether it comes from a personal or business situation. If you feel you have a legal problem, you might want to consult a lawyer. A lawyer can give you advice on the legal process, the rules and regulations for your specific situation and your rights.