Often described as the “art of justice”, law is a system of rules and regulations enforceable by social institutions. It is the basis of economics, politics, and history. Law has a wide range of applications and spreads into virtually all areas of life.
There are three main categories of law. These are civil law, common law, and jurisprudence. The practice of law is usually overseen by a government or independent regulating body.
Civil law legal systems are typically shorter and require less detailed judicial decisions. These systems include doctrine of precedent, which means that decisions by a court of higher authority bind lower courts.
Common law legal systems are longer and involve judicial decisions that are explicitly acknowledged as “law.” Common law legal systems include doctrines of precedent, which mean that the decisions of one court of law bind future courts of law.
Jurisprudence is the study of the history of the legal concept. It seeks to discover the moral and historical roots of the law. It is also used to analyze entire bodies of law.
A common legal issue is immigration. Immigration law concerns the rights of foreigners to live and work in a nation-state. In addition, there are also issues involving family matters. These include rights of children, money, and property.
The United Nations Charter calls on the Organization to help settle international disputes. It also calls for the promotion of progressive development of international law. It also has a number of treaties covering human rights.