Technology is a social enterprise that includes research, design, and manufacturing. It has played a central role in the development of human civilization. The impact of technology on society is both good and bad.
For example, electricity has had a monumental effect on human life when it was first developed several centuries ago. But modern technologies have also caused environmental issues.
Technology also shapes and reflects cultural system values. These values include communication. Using technology, humans are able to express emotions, exchange information, and transmit ideas.
Modern technology is largely responsible for urbanization and economic interdependence. In addition to contributing to human welfare, it can disrupt social hierarchies and affect personal lives.
When new technologies are being introduced, there are often questions about their use. This can be an issue for a person, group, or business. However, the answers are largely influenced by social and political forces.
Often, technological waves have indelible impact on medicine, industry, and culture. These waves are difficult to predict. They also have short lifespans. One factor that contributes to the short lifetimes of some waves is the economic impracticality of some technologies.
New technology often raises new ethical questions. Scientists can assess the possible effects of a technological wave by looking as far afield as practical.
Agricultural technology, for example, has had a significant influence on the way we live. The invention of the wheel and the printing press have helped humans to control their environment. And nuclear explosives have changed warfare.